Old Queensland Poetry Timeline

Moreton Bay Settlement, 1835

This is a broad guide to the major political and social events in the 100 years in Queensland following separation from NSW, and some of the events in Queensland poetry that accompanied them.

Political and social events

Year

Literary events

Moreton Bay Settlement, 1835 [1]

Qld (white pop 23,500) separates from NSW

1859

Chubb, Ode to governor Bowen                          

Kanaka Laboureres, Herbert River         

Robert Herbert 1st premier

1860

 

Brisbane Courier founded 

1861

 

  

1862

 

First Kanaka labour 

1863

 

 

1864

 

 

1865

AG Stephens (Bulletin Red Page) born

The Queenslander published (1866-1939)

1866

James Brunton Stephens arrives in Qld. 

Kanaka Labourers, Herbert River*

Gold rush at Gympie 

1867

 

James Nash

 

1868

 

 

1869

TB Christie, Poems and Songs, Forbes, Voices from the Bush

Free education introduced 

1870

Vowles, Sunbeams in Queensland

 

1871

Brunton Stephens, Convict Once

Adult white male suffrage, Brisbane Telegraph

1872

Mabel Forrest born.

Palmer River Gold Rush

1873

Midgley, Helen Young

James Nash found Gympie gold*

  

1874

 

Alice Guerin Crist

Eva Mary O'Doherty

Compulsory education, leaving age 12 

1875

Alice Guerin Crist born

 

1876

 

 

1877

Brunton Stephens,  Dominion of Australia, O'DohertyPoems

 

1878

 

 

1879

 

Alice Guerin Crist*

Eva  O’Doherty

Sugar Cane introduced to Innisfail  

1880

 

 Sir Samuel Griffith

 

1881

Chubb, Fugitive Pieces

 

1882

 Brian Vrepont born

Population 250,000, Sir Samuel Griffith Premier(1883-88)

1883

G. Essex Evans arrives in Australia, William Baylebridge born

 

1884

 

NSW sends troops to the Sudan

1885

Foott, Where the Pelican Builds

Electricity connected, Parliament House

1886

 

 

1887

Alice Gore-Jones born

 

1888

Dunn, Autumn Leaves

 

1889

 

Sir Samuel Griffith:  Premier, Judge, Poet*

First Federation Conference 

1890

Zora Cross, James Devaney born

John Knight, Maryborough Poet

Francis Kenna, MLA and poet

Great Shearer's strike, Labour Party founded  

1891

Essex Evans, Repentance of Magdalene Despar

Preferential voting introduced in Qld

1892

 

Major flooding in Brisbane 

1893

 Maurice Little born

 

1894

Knight, One People, One Destiny, Paul Grano born

 

1895

Kenna, Songs of a Season

AG Stephens founds Bulletin Red Page, Brisbane’s 1st cinema opens

1896

 Paula Fitzgerald born

Aboriginal Protection Act

1897

Bayldon,Poems

John Knight

Francis Kenna

 

1898

Samuel Griffith Two Stories from Dante, Colin Bingham born

Federation Day, Townsville

Dawson Premier, 1st Labour Government (6 days)

1899

 E.M. England born

Bubonic Plague at Townsville 

1900

 

Federation, Qld pop 500,000, White Australia Policy 

1901

MoynihanThe Feast of the Bunya

Brisbane proclaimed a city

1902

Brunton Stephens dies, Mathew, Australian Echoes

Samuel Griffith, First Chief Justice, High Court

1903

 

Cherbourg Aboriginal community established

1904

 Edgar Holt born

Federation Day, Townsville, 1901*

Female suffrage

1905

Favenc, Voices of the Desert, Martin Haley born

Mabel Forrest, ca 1920s

George Essex Evans

 

1906

 

Kanakas cease to be imported. 

1907

 

 

1908

Blocksidge (Baylebridge), Songs o' the South

Valleys win 1st Brisbane Rugby league premiership

1909

Forrest, Alpha Centauri, Essex Evans dies

 

1910

Frank C. Francis moves to Queensland

University of Queensland established

1911

CB Christesen (Meanjin) born

School leaving age raised to 14

1912

JJ Stable appointed to University of Queensland

 

1913

John Blight born

Mabel Forrest

Geo. Essex Evans

World War 1 (1914-1918)

1914

Coungeau, Stella Australis

Recruitment Parade, Rockhampton

Gallipoli, State Labor Gov't (1915-29)

1915

Mona Brand born

Conscription Referenda (1916 and 1917)

1916

Cross, A Song of Mother Love, June Saunders born

Electric lighting to Brisbane Streets

1917

Gore Jones Troop Trains

Armistice

1918

 

Spanish influenza outbreak

1919

Austen, The Young Gods,

Rabbets, Whimplin Whimsies

Qantas est'd, first flights Charleville-Cloncurry

1920

Gwen Harwood born

Recruitment Parade, Rockhampton, First World War*

 

1921

QueenslandAuthors and Artists Ass'n founded, Peter Miles born

Bert Hinkler arrives in Bundaberg

Emily Bulcock

Qld abolishes upper house and capital punishment!

1922

James Devaney arrives in Queensland

Silver and lead discovered at Mt Isa

1923

 Bulcock, Jacaranda Blooms Little, Poems and Sonnet

 

1924

Stable and Kirwood, A Book of Queensland Verse, O'Neil, Dinkum Aussie

Brisbane City C'cil est'd, 1st Qld Radio Station 

1925

Bingham, Marcinelle

Queensland enters Sheffield Shield 

1926

 

 

1927

Crist, When Rody came to Ironbark, England, The Happy Monarch

First cricket test in Brisbane, Bert Hinkler solo flight  

1928

 

Bert Hinkler  arrives at Bundaberg*

Emily Bulcock*

Great depression, Moore (C'try Party) Premier (-32)

1929

Peter Porter born

 Experimental TV Broadcast, Brisbane, 1934Experimental TV Broadcast, Brisbane, 1934

 

1930

Devaney, Earth Kindred,  Kellow, Queensland Poets

 

1931

 

Labor in power (1932-57)

1932

Holt, Lilacs out of the Dead Land

Courier Mail established

1933

 

Experimental TV broadcast, Brisbane/Ipswich

1934

David Malouf born

Cane Toad introduced

1935

 SweeneyOriginal Verse 

Experimental TV broadcast, Brisbane*

 

1936

Catholic Poetry Society,  Lack, Fields of Amaranth

Clem Lack

June Saunders

 

1937

 

Queensland population 1,000,000

1938

 

World War II (1939-1945)

1939

O'Dwyer Poems, Saunders, June

Story Bridge opens,  B  risbane

1940

Meanjin Papers founded (CB Christesen)

 

1941

Fitzgerald, The Singing Tree

US forces arrive in Brisbane, Battle of Brisbane

1942

 

 

1943

Truebridge (Vrepont), Beyond the ClawBarjai, (1943-7)

Clem Lack*

June Saunders

Fred Patterson (Communist) elected to  Parliament 

1944

Judith Wright moves to Queensland 

Building an Air Raid Shelter, Brisbane, 1942

Peace with Germany, Japan

1945

Blight, The Old Pianist,

Grano, Poems Old and New

 

1946

Wright, The Moving Image

Joh Bjelke Peterson elected to Parliament. 

1947

Vallis, Songs of the East Coast

Violent railway strikes

1948

Manifold, Selected Verse

 

1949

Kennedy, Cyclone

Building an air raid shelter, Brisbane 1942*

Australian Troops to Korea (1950-1953)

1950

 

Police confront striking railway workers

 

1951

 

 

1952

 

 

1953

Picot, With a Hawk's Quill, Hornibrook, Bibliography

Petrov affair

1954

Rowbotham, Ploughman and Poet

Bauxite discovered at Weipa

1955

 

Police confront striking rail workers, 1948*

 

1956

 

Victor Kennedy, journalist and poet

Pete Miles

Labor party split, Coalition Government (1957-1989)

1957

Collinson, The Moods of Love

 

1958

 

Wally Lewis born, Television begins in Brisbane 

1959

Byrnes and Vallis, Qld Centenary Anthology

Queensland population 1,500,000

1960

  

Copyright © Old Qld Poetry, 2012

Victor Kennedy*

Peter Miles*

               

 


 

[1]Images marked with * courtesy State Library of Queensland, all others from author’s collection.